What is trafficking?
Human trafficking is putting or keeping someone in an exploitative situation for profit.
It can happen to men, women and children. It is a serious crime that can take place anywhere; on fishing boats, on construction sites, on farms, in factories, in brothels, and in private homes. Human trafficking can occur in every country of the world.
Human trafficking is driven by the demand for cheap goods, services and labour and the supply of vulnerable people. People may be trafficked for their labour or for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Whilst trafficking for sexual exploitation is widely reported, it is estimated that there are nine times the number of people who are exploited for their labour.
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What is child labour?
Child labour is work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity. It is work that is mentally or physically dangerous and harmful to children, and interferes with schooling.
Poverty and lack of access to public services, like social support or healthcare, magnifies the problem of child labour. It means children must work in order to support their families instead of going to school.
Vulnerable families and children are also sometimes tricked or coerced into working in exploitative situations, where they are not free and are exploited for profit.
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What is the difference?
Unlike human trafficking, not all forms of child labour are deliberately exploitative – in some instances it may occur as a result of extreme poverty or a lack of education about the risks. However, both are an abuse of people’s rights and dignity.
World Vision works with vulnerable communities to help prevent and protect them from these abuses.
Have more questions about trafficking and child labour?
Check out our frequently asked questions page [pdf]
• Join us today and take action against trafficking and exploitation.
• Understand more about trafficking and slavery [pdf] and World Vision’s response.
• Did you know forced, child and trafficked labour is used in many of the products we buy every day? You can help end this exploitation by shopping ethically.
• Donate to support some of the most vulnerable children that World Vision works with.